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Different Types of Pollution

Overview of Air, Water, Soil, Noise, and Light Pollution

Learn about the different types of pollution that affect the quality of life including air pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution.

There are many forms of pollution that affect the environment, the health of living things, and the quality of life. Most types of pollution are emitted from a source. Usually, this is a man-made source. The final destination of pollution is inevitably the water supply, soil, and air. In some cities, the pollution level is so high that it is difficult to breathe. Some types of medical conditions may even worsen as a result of pollution. It is important to identify the different types of pollution and avoid them.

Air Pollution

The most common type of pollution is air pollution. Cars, buses, and planes emit chemicals into the atmosphere that damage the ozone layer. These chemicals are irritating and can be detrimental to health. Factories and manufacturing plants also emit chemicals into the air that are harmful. Other sources of air pollution include forest fires, building demolition, and solvent evaporation.

Water Pollution

Water pollution can affect entire ecosystems, including fish, plankton, and whales. Drinking water sources that are near chemical plants or agricultural farms may be at risk from contamination. The source of most water pollution include illegal dumping of hazardous materials, decaying organic material, and leaching of chemicals from soil.

Soil Pollution

Another type of pollution that is of concern is soil pollution. This can affect the underground water table and farm land. The main source of soil pollution is trash, especially plastics and other non-biodegradable materials . Improper soil care can lead to fungal or bacterial infestation, extremely acidic or basic pH, and soil erosion.

Noise Pollution

A lesser known type of pollution is noise pollution. This primarily affects people. Road construction and highway traffic produces extremely loud noise which can affect the quality of life for people living near it. Noise pollution may also drive animals from their natural habitat.

Light Pollution

Excess light that affects the natural luminance of a particular area, especially during the night, can affect quality of life. Stars and planetary bodies may not be visible. A more dangerous aspect of light pollution is the potential for distracting drivers. This usually results from extremely bright headlights.

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